Soil not desert poverty war illiteracy
My decades of research, and work in growing soil, soil-carbon, food, fodder in deserts, has led me to advance the question “how did soil grow and expand across the Earth in its early formation”. Equally, how did the atmosphere reach equilibrium to sustain perpetual life?
The science of Mother Earth and Nature is not a dedicated subject course in Universities, even though, such understanding is the cornerstone of the very survival of species (including man).
I often publish including Tweeting or Google et al for people to look at that bird dropped seed, on a crevice, high on a wall, and watch it grow. More important these seeds are mostly C4-CAM array, taking all elements from the atmosphere and occasional rain water. I request the viewer to return to the site, to witness the manure of the plant becoming soil, rich of essential elements!
There are Companies granted license to produce products to kill “weeds” & microbes. They also try to control global crop growing by establishing their parent seeds farms, and, genetically modify seeds so that, purchasing parties must return to them for next season’s seeds. This is alarming especially for soil desperate Africa, China and Australia. Even more alarming such parent companies will exhaust “their soils” and there will be no more seeds. Modified crops have altered genes, resulting in, regional changes in essential microbe and insect transfer activities.
Weeds “are plants in a foreign environ”! Many weeds have evolved into basic vegetation yielding food, flowers, for medicines, insulin, cosmetics. Clover for example, fixes nitrogen into wanting soil. Through Natures programming returning when “it needs another fix”. Like a wound, a cut on human body, various weeds are the different forms of scab on an ailing soil.
Returning to the baseline of this document! As equilibrium of ocean-seas, icecaps, aquifers lakes settled from water sources unknown, the earliest form of vegetation appeared. Without soil and serious sand areas, these early plants logically were of the C4-CAM Family, taking all elements from the forming array of atmospheric gases. Clearly the Nitrous-oxide emissions from Volcanic eruption (today also fossil fuel burning) via Sun’s radiation becomes’ life sustaining nitrogen.
If we consume vegetables to become meat, what did the carrot consume?
We live in a carbon environment it is a critical part of all living matter! We cannot lower Carbon we can lower CO2e and, like Banking we must learn to keep an auditable account in Balance!
Robert Vincin September 2014
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Soil “how or from where did Soil grow on Earth, and why is it now disappearing?”
The web, Google and university libraries are full of papers that claim C4 (a) plants evolved recently from C3 plants, this I find is erroneous. Erroneous because, C3 plants are a source of CO2 not to sink! C3 plants, they take biomass carbon from the soil not the atmosphere, therefore, C3 plants grew from the soil generated by C4 plants and indeed CAM (b) plants. Only 2-6% vegetation sequesters CO2 to become soil and essential array of elements, not trees.
The consistent research concludes that the Planet cooled without water or live vegetation. The cooled Earth was with form and void. From an unknown source, Earth was bombarded with water asteroids(c) likely containing early life form, most likely seeds. The Planet rich in so many minerals mixed with water the resultant oxides produced gases ever present on Earth today. The evidence of historical water flows, and resultant serious erosion in mountains and hills now void of water lays evidence also to the charging of aquifers. Obviously, this leaching of millions of years if not billions turned much of the water (d) into salt(s) water. As freshwater floats delicately on top of salt water much of the aquifer high water was fresh water.
The water and chemical reaction upon the sandstone rocks resulted in the mass coverage of sand delivered by winds.
These new processes excited by lightning and indeed active volcanoes, it is certain that CO2 was absolutely in abundance and certainly not an environment for C3 forestry and like to survive. Trees, rice, cotton, most grain and vegetables are of the C3 photosynthesis pathway.
It is logical to conclude that CO2 outweighed life-sustaining nitrogen, oxygen and, soil was literally non-existent. Following the logic of CO2 and other global cycles, the most critical cycle to sustain life, the water cycle! Without dense transpiring vegetation, rain water seldom reaches the upper critical catchments, aquifers, and sadly, land.
Whether it’s growing soil in deserts, or indeed a fledgling Planet, the principles of growing soil remains the same, all that is needed is water, seed and for today desert reversal, expertise and serious support!
From what was a red hot Planet the water and early life form was imported from elsewhere! Today Earthlings are discussion how they can excite the water know in Mars interior to start life! Water the treasured Asset of all life form.
The “seeds of life” could only have been in the deliveries in the water asteroids’. Many species in a thawed state can lay dormant for a decade. At a point when the obvious turbulence and sub surface drainage subsided to approximate the salt sea levels of today, and winds and rains became cyclic events, I can only conclude, based upon decades of study and actual that, early C4 and indeed CAM seeds found crevices’ to take hold. CAM and C4 plants take their essential elements from the atmosphere including CO2 and, like that plant high on that crevice the manure of the plant becomes, soil soil-carbon. Unlike C3 trees these C4 work-horse vegetation have species to meet all the UNFCCC 100 year rules (e) and more.
In this document are a couple of visual examples of the deliverables of C4 and CAM vegetation including, the deserts’ that have grown soil and food and in time as soil grows C3 forestry!
You will have noted plants grow on sand and rocks and in a glass tube witness 60mm of soil in 16 months.
The world allows Chemical Companies to produce weed killing sprays without any study of the function of weeds. Weeds variations survived sequestering various gases delivering to the young maturing soil other elements that would prove most valuable for the coming C3 species to evolve and indeed survive. A case and point is clover it fixes nitrogen into ailing grasses.
I repeat, be it a fledgling Planet birth, or, reparation of a dying Planet, the chronological protocol remains much the same, but science and historical modeling applies if we are to repair Earth!
In the 20- 21st century ill advised Governments rush to plant C3 forestry believing such will sequester and store CO2 and meet UNFCCC 100 year rule of soil storage of CO2e!
In Australia for example, there are hundreds of families and get rich quick entrepreneurs who planted out tree seedlings expecting them to grow into healthy forests that sequester CO2. Sadly these families lost all as did families who funded the entrepreneurs. We cannot allow this again!
During 2014 many noble Nations struggle to find aid money to feed, clothe, shelter, billions of people on and below the poverty line. The greater percentage of these folk live in, or around, anthropogenic deserts! In this problem lays the solution based upon the lessons Nature and the Earth’s have repeatedly yield, and replicated in our work in the wide array of deserts of PRC.
The visuals below show significant results in growing fodder and food in years 1-2 and indeed forestry within a few years as soil expands. In order to return Earth to a balanced equilibrium well-planned, by 2020, vegetation must be planted in deserts to grow, soil, soil-carbon and elements, and food within 12 to 20 months. Within 2 years as the soil expands and Farmers and Herders are taught that soil, water, vegetation and atmosphere are the “Bank of Assets” to sustain our children, mankind and all living matter. Like Banking this time, rules on domestic, national and global “Bank Balance” accounting bases must be applied.
Some will ask “where is the money to save home Earth”? In the early sittings of UNCTAD-UNFCCC (f) the protocol was established that based upon science, provided a verifiable, certifiable audit of CO2 reduction, and, such reduction reported to UNFCCC are tradable. Again unfortunately some entrepreneurs sold to unsuspecting Corporation non verifiable “Carbon Credits”. Earlier 2014 UNSG and EUSG cancelled such. To the question! By planting out dedicated CO2e offset sequestration sinks into ailing deserts we can lower 40+ tonnes of CO2e per hectare annually to grow expanding soil soil-carbon and elements. Well planned the multi bonuses are; serious lowering of 300 years of CO2e, reversal of poverty (outstanding page 3 reports.) The best bonus, Farmers well trained engage 8 folk+ from soil to table restoring self esteem, compounding monies to community and indeed world economy! Add Farming Herding income from healthy soil & a fair share of CO2e storage as soil carbon, Farming has a Future!
Nations are fighting over deserts to control their neighbours’ neighbours’ desert. There is more money in supplying services to a recovering, growing nation of Farmers and their needs! The UNSG and SG EU proposed a Fair rate of CO2e offset $20.00 Tonne CO2 that will cover planting management auditing certifying. This relates to pennies and cents on commodities and services to the global citizens. A fair rent to maintain “Earth’ Housekeeping”.
UNMG 2015-2020 goals possible; provided;-
Well planned, based upon detailed experience reparation (g), and, Nations working in concert, anthropogenic deserts can be restored following Natures model and current desert reversal protocol to soil, soil-carbon practices. There are strict chronological protocols to follow, and, it is mandatory the big ask is, Global cooperation to hand the Planet back to, the historians of tomorrow whom by now have their pens poised. In real terms we borrowed the Planet from them!
© September 12, 2014
(a) C4 photosynthesis pathway; M.D. Hatch CSIRO Plant Industry, PO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia
C.R. Slack Plant Physiology Division, Horticulture and Food Research Institute, Private Bag 11030, Palmerston North, New Zealand.C4 sequester CO2e and in simple terms its digestive system drops mature to become soil rich in carbon and elements.
(b) CAM Crassulacean acid metabolism, CAM, is a variant of C4 photosynthesis
(c) Mass array of science papers conclude water came from elsewhere in form of asteroids some carried seeds of life. The conclusion being a red hot planet could not have carried life.
(d) Water the oxidizing of Earth’s minerals form a branch of waters many salt by name, others an array of fresh science authors list such from 12-18 forms.
(e) On the UNCTAD assemblies we concluded that nations would remain fossil fuel dependant especially coal for energy as wind and solar energy in carbon accounting terms (emissions escaping in manufacture / operation) from raw material, fabrication, transport, mass erection with massive concrete bases including transmission towers, cables and hook to distant grid would take 10-14 years of operation to pay back CO2e emission in a 15yr average life plus disposal.
(f) 1995 early work on climate change impact preparing for a UN protocol (Kyoto 1997 COP3) COP 6 The Paper The Missing Sink (Condon Vincin) was tabled credited with saving UNFCCC article 3.4 to become known as the Australian Clause.
(g) To meet UNFCCC 100 year rule (anticipated life of coal) all aspects operate under an Eminent Person Perpetual Trust. Trustees will include Global eminent persons Major CO2e offset buying and funding Bodies to manage Monies and Carbon store